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Журнал N. 197 Bruther 2012 2018

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The number 197 of El Croquis is dedicated to the París based practice of Bruther, founded by Stéphanie Bru and Alexandre Therior in 2007, and presents their most relevant projects carried out between 2012 and 2018.

«A Conversation with Stéphanie Bru and Alexandre Theriot» (Free PDF)
Christian Kerez

«Bruther Machinism»
Laurent Stalder

Works

Low Carbon House

25 Housing Units in Paris

Cultural and Sports Centre, Saint-Blaise

Central Library, Helsinki

Good Life, Public Facility

Super L, 160 Viviendas Sociales y un Aparcamiento

60 Social Dwellings, Merignac

New Generation Research Centre

Multifunction Sociocultural and Sports Facility, Le Havre

New Museum of the 20th Century, Berlin

Renovation of a High-Rise Building, Paris

New Life Science Building

Student Residence and Reversible Car Park, Palaiseau

Isalab Building, Engineering School in Anglet

Frame, Media House

14 Housing Units on Rue des Bergers

Julie-Victoire Daubié Residence for Researchers

Renovation of Galeries Lafayette, Pau

Learning Centre in Lumière Lyon 2 University campus

National Centre for the Plastic Arts and Mobilier National Storage Facility

Centro Coreográfico Nacional de Tours

 

 

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Excerpt from the editorial of the issue structure – published by DETAIL 04/2018:

Not every good idea becomes a building. However, with tenacity and an adequate building budget, even innovative concepts can be occasionally realised. An example is the reverberation gallery in the renovated Berlin State Opera, the load-bearing lattice structure of which was moulded from phosphate ceramic.

The buildings also deal with the materialisation of completely different architectural concepts. Maximum transparency was required for the metro entrance structures in Brescia, while the roof of the Macallan Distillery in Scotland seamlessly integrates into a natural landscape. For the Morpheus Hotel in Macau, the engineers had to give a completely irregular shape a regular load-bearing structure. Teatro BioBío in Concepción was different again: a regular but slim orthogonal reinforced concrete grid frame had to be designed for earthquake loads.

A multistorey timber frame characterises the International House in Sydney and the Expo 2015 Chile Pavilion. In the latter, the structural engineers’ task was to design a building to be erected twice – first in Milan and then in its final location in Temuco, southern Chile. The fascination exercised by this “mobile building” was also recognised by the jury of this year’s Detail Prize. It awarded the pavilion the special prize in the category “structure”.

Jakob Schoof

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The current edition structure 01/2018 introduces outstanding engineering accomplishments such as the new Queensferry Crossing cable-stayed bridge across the Firth of Forth in Scotland with its 210 metre (683ft) high towers and a total span of more than 2.7 kilometres (1.7 miles). It also documents other exciting structural solutions such as the open trusses of a deli market in Stuttgart or the expressive steel construction of a pedestrian bridge in Beer Sheba in Israel. A technology presentation centre in Chicago is the basis for showing how a piece of structural engineering that can be walked on can itself be an exhibition piece.

In an accompanying feature article in the first part of the edition Werner Sobek points out the comprehensive responsibility that the engineers must carry for the construction of the future. Finally, two technical articles deal with very different and special structural solutions made with concrete: a complex shell form as a roof structure and a folded-plate roofing with a large span for an office building.

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One of the most unusual building sites of ­recent years, the summit station for the Zugspitze cable car, shows how engineers also have to find appropriate solutions for building under extreme conditions. An article in this ­issue of structure describes the special challenges of this project.

The other projects demonstrate that special situations can call for unconventional structural engineering solutions –such as the delicately proportioned and open vehicle decks that allow extensive views from the inner-city parking garage in Bordeaux. In the conversion of the Alstrom warehouses into the new Nantes School of Art, the designers replaced most of the existing sawtooth-roof structure with a modern version, yet still managed to draw on the atmosphere of the original halls. A place of transcendental character was created with the Memorial Hall at Herzlberg west of Jerusalem. The interior is defined by a central sculpture made of ingeniously connected ­aluminium blocks. All the articles emphasise the important role in society played by civil and structural engineers.

Andreas Gabriel

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Excerpt from the editorial of the issue structure – published by DETAIL 03/2018:

A large proportion of building projects today involve the conversion of existing stock. On economic and ecological grounds, the transformation of existing structures will play an even greater role in construction in the future. The modification of structures to meet new ¬requirements or urban planning conditions is not only necessary, it is also an extremely ¬interesting and challenging task. How the precise integration of the existing and new can become the key issue in a building redesign is demonstrated in the conversion of the former Schlotterbeck car garage in Zurich into a striking commercial and residential complex. Unconventional ideas and approaches from structural engineers contributed considerably to the success of this project. The unconventional was also evident in the design of the ESO Supernova, the new planetarium at the European Southern Observatory on TU Munich’s Garching campus. The free-form wall shells comprising the structure and facade were designed using software specially adapted for this project to achieve the highest precision in design and construction. Despite the extraordinarily complicated urban context in which the new Kienlesberg Bridge in Ulm was built, the designers still achieved a coherent blend of structural engineering and architecture. Just in time for the opening in September 2018, structure highlights the special challenges of the design process.

Andreas Gabriel

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The new magazine focusses on engineering work that enables outstanding structures. It showcases selected buildings and structures with in-depth documentation and thus highlights the diverse contributions of structural engineers to the build environment.

4 issues per year (Mar., June, Sept., Dec.)

Topics 2019structure 1.19 (March) 
 Steel construction | Bridge building | Fastening technology | BIM
▪ structure 2.19 (June) 
 Timber construction |Unitised construction | Glass and facade | BIM
▪ structure 3.19 (September) 
 Masonry construction | Lift and transport technology | Heat and humidity insulation | BIM
▪ structure 4.19 (December) 
 Concrete construction, reinforcement and formwork technology | Tunnel construction | Fire and sound insulation | BIM
(Subject to change)
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Can architecture lie? In other words, when is a building “honest” about the materials used in it? The debate regarding the authenticity of materials, on the one hand, and artful disguise, on the other, has been an integral component of architectural discourse for centuries. In the current issue of Detail, we explore how categories are shifting in the light of new technical possibilities.

In Zürich, for example, Diener & Diener enveloped the new administrative centre of Swiss Re in a filigree curtain of curved glass. The gentle wave effect not only adds depth to the outside of the building but also divides it up in a classic way, i.e. into base, middle section and two attic storeys. In Stockholm, Urban Design and Gottlieb Paludan Architects covered the steel skeleton of a combined heat-and-power station in large terracotta tiles. Finally, in Grândola in southern Portugal, Aires Mateus enclosed the new sculpture-like old-people’s meeting centre in a smooth-plastered composite thermal insulation system. Is that dishonest? And how is material honesty defined in the case of composite materials like the large sandwich panels that Alejandro Soffia used for a semi-detached house on the Pacific coast of Chile?

In all the projects in this issue, the materials used determine what the building expresses. And all of them show that previous certainties applied to the evaluation of materials have begun to change, a fact that is especially true where 3D printing is used to join materials together. This method is adopted in order to print sandstone elements with bonding agents made of synthetic resin or a steel bridge where nobody exactly knows whether the material used in it can even absorb tensile stress. These and other examples in our technical article show that a new technology looks for the appropriate design language, whereby the task of separating useful approaches from inappropriate ones often still has to be performed. Nevertheless, we will undoubtedly continue to use 3D printing – the hoped-for time- and cost-savings as well as the freedom of design associated with it are simply too big.

Sandra Hofmeister, Jakob Schoof and the editorial team

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Эта книга является руководством для архитекторов по цифровому проектированию, которое представляет различные инструменты, проверенные многолетним опытом, и практические рекомендации. В современной архитектуре и дизайне интерьера процесс проектирования практически полностью компьютеризован, а проекты должны быть представлены качественными и информативными визуализациями. В книге использованы примеры из практики бюро UNStudio.

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Индустриальное домостроение уже давно перестало быть синонимом обезображивания городского ландшафта однообразными серыми «коробками». В частности, в Центральной Европе и России панельное строительство переживает период расцвета благодаря появлению современных методов строительства и 100-летнему опыту проектирования типового жилья и использования крупных панелей. В Москве — крупнейшей европейской столице с семнадцатью миллионами жителей – индустриальное домостроение является незаменимым инструментом реализации субсидируемого жилья, методы заводского изготовления в Германии и Швейцарии,например, применяются для возведения престижной недвижимости.

Этот справочник рассматривает потенциал индустриального домостроения с конструктивной, исторической и архитектурной точек зрения. Помимо детально рассмотренных методов производства и монтажа, в книге представлены двадцать наглядных примеров с широкоформатными фотографиями, детальными планами и наглядными диаграммами. Издание вносит значительный вклад в актуальную сегодня дискуссию о доступном жилье.

Том 1: Технологии и методы
Том 2: Здания и типологии

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AMSTERDAM – As cities deal with higher density and an increased proximity of dwellings, the Nov/Dec issue of Frame explores promising proposals for future-proof housing.

Young architecture practice Kwong Von Glinow presents multi-family solutions, while MVRDV and WOHA propose multifunctional high-rises that offer not only apartments but also space for offices, retail shops, hospitality enterprises, medical facilities and greenery. O-officereactivates a Guangzhou neighbourhood while safeguarding its collective memory, Octane’s serviced apartments offer a form of hospitality-infused urban living aimed at time-poor professionals and modular homes by the likes of David Adjaye and Faye Toogood adapt to London’s tricky urban-infill sites. From horizontal sprawl to vertical stacks and from concrete jungles to urban greenscapes: tomorrow’s residential buildings aim to make high-density cities healthier and more livable.

Objects
Rapid manufacturing accelerates on-demand design. Indoor greenery enjoys a light treatment. The corridor sparks social interaction. Discover new directions in the world of products.

The Challenge: Future of Cohabitation
In the lead-up to each issue, Frame challenges emerging designers to answer a topical question with a future-forward concept. As urban areas grow outwards and upwards, the cost of inner-city living becomes equally inflated. In order to stay central while avoiding social isolation, various groups of people are opting to share the load. Today that means everything from self-sufficient communes to co-housing models, but how will cohabitation look in the future? In line with this issue’s living-themed Frame Lab, we asked five makers to come up with possible solutions.Portraits 
Introducing Sibling Architecture. Bethan Laura Wood cycles to the strings of a cello. Rachel Whiteread gets concrete. Barber Osgerby proves that one plus one is three. Thom Mayne discusses his metaMorphosis. Meet the people. Get their perspectives.


Living Lab 
It’s predicted that by 2050, 70 per cent of the world’s population will live in cities. Since many metropolises are already bursting at the seams, accommodating such growth demands new modes of habitation. Should we build upwards or outwards? How can we live collectively without sacrificing individuality? How can public space best serve its modern-day demographic? Facing these questions and many more, a number of today’s architects are dreaming up future-proof housing solutions.
Reports: Kitchens
Brands explore the many faces of efficiency. The open-plan model linking cooking and living continues to grow. Designers take to the kitchen to heal communities. Discover what’s driving the business of design.